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14/09/2020

punjab, pakistan population

"Five waters"') is Pakistan's most populous province, with a population of about 110,012,442 as of 2017. Faisalabad is the third-largest metropolis in Pakistan and a famous industrial city. Its population was estimated to be 30,045,949 in year 2017. Since the 1950s, Punjab industrialised rapidly. "Rally for Ending the 150-year-old Ban on Education in Punjabi", A PricewaterhouseCoopers study released in 2009, surveying the 2008 GDP of the top cities in the world, calculated Faisalabad's GDP (PPP) at $35 billion. population by selective age groups. The oldest evidence of life in Pakistan has been found in Soan River valley. The main site in Punjab was the city of Harrapa. In Pakistani Punjab, non-tribal social distinctions are primarily based on traditional occupations such as blacksmiths or artisans, as opposed to rigid social stratifications. The province is home to over half the population of Pakistan, and is the world's fifth-most populous subnational entity, and the most populous outside China or India.Punjabis are a heterogeneous group comprising different tribes, clans (Urdu: برادری‎) and communities. It forms a part of the folk music through mystic messages. Cotton and rice are important crops. Punjabi is the primary language of the region, with several dialects spoken. 2.4%. 1 Etymology The most common instruments used are the tabla and harmonium. The Indo-Scythians seem to have been followers of Buddhism, and many of their practices apparently continued those of the Indo-Greeks. In 1972, after East Pakistan seceded and became Bangladesh, Punjab again became a province. Are we to live or perish forever? Kanishka was a great patron of the Buddhist faith; Buddhism spread to Central Asia and the Far East across Bactria and Sogdia, where his empire met the Han Empire of China. Punjab Literacy Rate 2011 Literacy rate in Punjab has seen upward trend and is 75.84 percent as per 2011 population census. The federal government which has approved $250 million in funding to buy vaccines late last month decided to purchase 1.2 million doses from China’s Sinopharm. There are 48 departments in Punjab government. However Punjabi, Kohistani, and Hindko are derived from the Prakrit that were spoken in Gandhara and its surrounding areas. In the South, Punjab's elevation reaches 2,327 metres (7,635 ft)[citation needed] near the hill station of Fort Munro in Dera Ghazi Khan. Punjab (Urdu : صوبہ پنجاب ‎) is a province in Pakistan. Despite the lack of a coastline, Punjab is the most industrialised province of Pakistan;[13] its manufacturing industries produce textiles, sports goods, heavy machinery, electrical appliances, surgical instruments, vehicles, auto parts, metals, sugar mill plants, aircraft, cement, agricultural machinery, bicycles and rickshaws, floor coverings, and processed foods. "[28] The Persians later referred to the region as Punjab after the Muslim conquests, which also means "Land of the five rivers. Having taken a northeasterly direction, he marched against the Aspii (mountaineers), who offered vigorous resistance, but were subdued. 1972, 1981, 1998, 2017 census. Faisalabad (Punjab, Pakistan): population: 5.28 million. Since the 1990s Punjab hosted several key sites of Pakistan's nuclear program such as Kahuta. [46] In Punjab and Kashmir, the Marathas were now major players. Punjabi Christians are ethnic Punjabis who are followers of Christianity.They are one of the four main ethnoreligious communities of the historical Punjab region, the others being the Punjabi Muslims, Punjabi Sikhs and Punjabi Hindus. The district of Sialkot excels in sports goods, surgical instruments and cutlery goods.Industrial estates are being developed by Punjab government to boost industrialization in province, Quaid e Azam Business Park Sheikhupura is one of the industrial area which is being developed near Sheikhupura on Lahore-Islamabad motorway.[86]. The region was known to the ancient Greeks as Pentapotamia, meaning the "region of five rivers,"[27] while the Sanskrit name for the region, as mentioned in the Ramayana and Mahabharata, was Panchanada which means "Land of the Five Rivers. Dube, I. The Provincial Assembly of the Punjab is a unicameral legislature of elected representatives of the province of Punjab, which is located in Lahore in eastern Pakistan. 1951; reprint 1989), Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency ..., Volume 1, Part 1-page-11, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, For a detailed account of the battle fought, see Chapter VI of, Mortimer, Edward, Faith and Power, (1982), p.68-70. The Punjab region thereafter became an important region of learning and culture in the eastern Islamic world attracting scholars, artisans and poets. All Ministers report to the Chief Minister, who is the Chief Executive. Punjab has a population of 80 million people and an area of 79,284 mi² or (205,344 km²) in terms of area the province of Punjab is greater in area than Kyrgyzstan but smaller than Belarus The population density is 353 persons per square kilometer as compared to the national figure of 164. Parts of Punjab first came into contact with Islam after the Umayyad Caliphate commander Muhammad bin Qasim defeated Raja Dahir in 711 and expanded into southern Punjab. Partition in 1947 led to the region being split into East and West Punjab, with East Punjab becoming part of India while West Punjab became part of Pakistan. A specimen of the sixteenth century tile-work at Lahore is the tomb of Sheikh Musa Ahangar, with its brilliant blue dome. This would change however in 1752, when Nader Shah's general Ahmad Shah Durrani who was ruler of the Durrani Afghans, defeated Mir Mannu, the last Mughal governor of Punjab. Commonly called Pindi, the city is located 9 miles from Islamabad, and it's the 4th most populous urban area in Pakistan. In 1758 Raghunath Rao, the general of the Hindu Maratha Empire, conquered Lahore and Attock. Curiously, this language is the mother tongue of only 7-8% of Pakistanis. On the other hand, the Punjab States partook 17.2 per cent of the population on 28.3 per cent of the area. A 2010 survey by the Sikh Resource and Study Centre reported 50,000 Sikhs living in Pakistan. One of its instructors was the Mauryan statesman and philosopher Chanakya. It is also a major manpower contributor because it has the largest pool of professionals and highly skilled (technically trained) manpower in Pakistan. [73] The list of thinktanks, political organisations, cultural projects, and individuals that demand authorities at the national and provincial level to promote the use of the language in the public and official spheres includes: The population of Punjab (Pakistan) is estimated to be 97.21% Muslim with a Sunni Hanafi majority and Shia Ithna 'ashariyah minority. It was here that some of the earliest signs of humans have been discovered during the excavations of prehistoric mounds. Punjabi is the provincial language of Punjab but is not given any official recognition in the Constitution of Pakistan at the national level. He told the … Azim Khan was the governor of Kashmir from 1812 until 1819 when Ranjit Singh captured it for himself. Gandhara's culture peaked during the reign of the Kushan ruler Kanishka the Great (128–151). Punjab's Minister of Health, Dr. Yasmin Rashid, announced that the government of Punjab will issue health cards to 45 percent of the population by June. Pakistan Population by Age There are 127,450,413 adults in Pakistan. Its share of Pakistan's GDP has historically ranged from 51.8% to 54.7%. With its contribution ranging from 52.1% to 64.5% in the Service Sector and 56.1% to 61.5% in the agriculture sector. Starting in the 1980s, large numbers of Punjabis migrated to the Middle East, Britain, Spain, Canada and the United States for economic opportunities, forming the large Punjabi diaspora, resulting in growing economic ties between Punjab and these countries. In August the oppressive heat is punctuated by the rainy season, referred to as barsat, which brings relief in its wake. Data tables, maps, charts, and live population clock. According to the Government of Pakistan's National Database and Registration Authority (NADRA), there were 6,146 Sikhs registered in Pakistan in 2012. Punjab has the highest Human Development Index out of all of Pakistan's provinces at 0.567.[2]. [2][ "PricewaterhouseCoopers Media Centre". Relationships with neighbouring British territories then broke down, starting the First Anglo-Sikh War; this led to a British official being resident in Lahore and the annexation in 1849 of territory south of the Satluj to British India. The Khewra Salt Mine is a tourist attraction. Punjab is the most populous province of Pakistan, containing more than half the country’s total population as well as several of its major cities: Lahore, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Multān, and Gujranwala.There is considerable rural-to-urban migration in the province, especially to the larger cities. "[29] The word Punjab was formally introduced in the early 17th century CE as an elision of the Persian words panj (five) and āb (water), thus meaning the (land of) five rivers, similar in meaning to the Sanskrit and Greek name for the region. The ruins of Harappa show an advanced urban culture that flourished over 8000 years ago. After the Ghaznavids, Punjab became a part of different Muslim Empires like the Ghurids and later the various Delhi Sultanates which consisted mostly of Turkic peoples, Persians and Afghans as the leading elites in co-operation with some local Punjabi tribes and others. Livestock and poultry production are also important. The province has been strongly influenced by Sufism, with numerous Sufi shrines spread across Punjab which attract millions of devotees annually. In ancient and the medieval era, before the arrival of Islam into the Indian subcontinent, Hinduism and Buddhism were the predominant religions in the Punjab region. figure.Current population of Punjab province of Pakistan all detail of census. info); lit. ' Amongst folk singers the likes of Inayat Hussain Bhatti, Tufail Niazi, Alam Lohar, Sain Marna, Mansoor Malangi, Allah Ditta Lonawala, Talib Hussain Dard, Attaullah Khan Essa Khailwi, Gamoo Tahliwala, Mamzoo Gha-lla, Akbar Jat, Arif Lohar, Ahmad Nawaz Cheena and Hamid Ali Bela are well-known. The history of the city stretches back so far into … miles shared 71.7 per cent of the total area, and its population of 28.4 million made 82.8 per cent of the total. [96] The day is marked by wearing yellow, eating food with yellow colouring such as potatoes with turmeric and saffron rice, and holding parties.[97]. Rawalpindi (Punjab, Pakistan): population 3.25 million. It is the nation's only province that touches every other province; it also surrounds the federal enclave of the national capital city at Islamabad. In the composition of classical ragas, there are such masters as Malika-i-Mauseequi (Queen of Music) Roshan Ara Begum, Ustad Amanat Ali Khan, Salamat Ali Khan and Ustad Fateh Ali Khan. Folk songs and dances of the Punjab reflect a wide range of moods: the rains, sowing and harvesting seasons. [citation needed], The Indo-Parthian Kingdom was ruled by the Gondopharid dynasty with its capital at Taxila, Punjab. Exhibitions and annual horse shows in all districts and a national horse and cattle show at Lahore are held with the official patronage. The Indo-Greeks were involved with local faiths, particularly with Buddhism, but also with Hinduism'. Notable activists include Tariq Jatala, Farhad Iqbal, Diep Saeeda, Khalil Ojla, Afzal Sahir, Jamil Ahmad Paul, Mazhar Tirmazi, Mushtaq Sufi, Biya Je, Tohid Ahmad Chattha and Bilal Shaker Kahaloon, Nazeer Kahut, This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 18:22. The Punjabis followed different faiths throughout history, mainly a non-Brahmanical form of Hinduism and Buddhism,[42] however Islam had the biggest impact on the region culturally. Punjab was part of both classical Western Eurasian empires including the Achaemenid, Macedonian, Kushan, Greco-Bactrian, Indo-Greek and Hindu Shahi empires, as well as Indo-Gangetic (North Indian) empires such as that of the Maurya and Gupta. He abandoned his troops whilst they regrouped to continue fighting until they were defeated. The main activities on these special occasions are confined to congregational prayers and rituals. Despite past animosities, the rural masses in Punjab's farms continue to use the Hindu calendar for planting and harvesting. Punjāb (Pakistan): Province, Major Cities, Municipalites & Towns - Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather and Web Information The province's economy has quadrupled since 1972. However, Alexander had to encounter and reduce the tribes on the border of Punjab before entering the luxuriant plains. Country: Lahore, Pakistan ): population: 5.28 million various Punjabi dialects districts and agencies the... Mystic from Ghazni now buried at Data Darbar in Lahore every year on International mother Day. Gandhara to other parts of what is today home to six rivers, of which and. The two cultures 1758 Raghunath Rao, the rivers are: the next 10 years )..., Pakistan, Punjab includes the Punjab. [ 32 ] 1826 Sayyid Ahmad Barelvi Mir. Hills of the population on punjab, pakistan population per cent of the Indus River most Punjab. 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